What is IVF Treatment?
IVF treatment is one of the methods developed for families who cannot have children for a long time to have children. IVF is the best known and best result among assisted reproduction methods. It is generally applied in cases where pregnancy does not occur despite unprotected intercourse for more than 1 year.
For Whom is IVF Treatment Required?
IVF application is applied in cases where pregnancy cannot be achieved for a year or more despite regular intercourse without protection. In vitro fertilization as an assisted reproductive method can be applied in the following situations;
When older than 30 years of age and menstrual bleeding for 6 months,
Those who have irregular or painful menstrual bleeding,
• Those who have 2 or more miscarriages,
• Those who have testicular and prostate diseases,
• Those who have low sperm count or sexual problems,
• People whose both tubes are blocked,
• Low motility or morphological sperm rate,
Patients who cannot get results from intrauterine vaccination,
• Infertility events with unexplained causes,
Severe cases of endometriosis,
• Those with a family history of serious genetic diseases
What are the Stages of IVF Treatment?
IVF treatment steps may vary from patient to patient. However, the longest protocol is most commonly used. Treatment consists of 5 stages and these stages are;
• Stimulation of the ovaries
• Egg collection
• fertilization of eggs
How Does IVF Treatment Process Work?
The IVF application process may differ from patient to patient. However, treatment usually starts with hormone drugs given externally. The aim of hormone therapy is to ensure egg development and to prevent premature ovulation. During drug use, ultrasound and blood tests are performed at regular intervals to monitor egg development. The eggs that reach maturity are collected by needle aspiration method and fertilized with sperm taken from the male in the laboratory environment. Egg collection can be done under local anesthesia or sedation. Fertilization can be conventionally done by laying sperm and eggs side by side or by micro injection. If fertilization is performed by micro injection method instead of classical IVF, each sperm is injected into a single egg under high magnification microscope. After fertilization, eggs are left to develop in the laboratory for 2 to 6 days. During this time, the best embryos that develop are selected and placed in the uterus. The number of embryos to be transferred to the uterus is very effective in the risk of multiple pregnancy and the chance of pregnancy. Therefore, after the embryo quality is determined, the decision on the number of embryos is made with the prospective parents.
What are the Factors Affecting Success in IVF?
The factors affecting the success in IVF can be from both the applied health center and the couple who want to have a child. The most effective factors affecting the success of IVF can be listed as follows;
• Age of the expectant mother: As the age of the expectant mother increases, the success rate decreases.
• Weight: Excess weight negatively affects fertility.
• Smoking: Smoking is a negative factor for both expectant mothers and fathers. While it negatively affects the fertility of the expectant mother and the health of the baby during pregnancy, it also causes the sperm count of the future father to decrease.
What is the Success Rate in IVF?
Although the IVF success rate varies from country to country, the worldwide success rate is 60%. IVF application is the name given to the process of monitoring the ovulation process of the expectant mother, taking her egg from her ovaries and fertilization with sperm in the laboratory environment. For this reason, the success of the expectant mother is influenced by the age, weight, health status, smoking or not. Failing after the first attempt does not mean that it will fail in the next attempt. It is also possible to be successful after a few tries. In vitro fertilization may fail even in couples with no health problems, after which successful results can be obtained.