What is Sperm Donation?
The definition of sperm donation is a method that is applied when no sperm is found in a man. For the application of this method, sperm traces should not be found in men. If sperm is not obtained from the testicles in any way, sperm donation is used as a recommended method for pregnancy that cannot be achieved with the male’s sperm.
Sperm Donation Application
Sperm donation is performed by comparing the sperm samples obtained from the sperm banks with the eggs taken from the expectant mother. In this context, sperms are supplied from countries such as America, Denmark and England. All medical tests of sperm are made, sperm samples that can provide quality and healthy fertilization are selected. Ethnic origins, physical characteristics and medical qualifications of sperm donors are recorded. Sperm collected and preserved under special conditions are subjected to special applications in order to preserve their vitality until they combine with the egg. In this way, the possibility of any problems caused by the sperm taken is reduced.
Considerations in Sperm Donation
The factors to be considered within the scope of sperm therapy are that the information about the medical institution where the sperm is taken is accurate and reliable. Because; The institution where the sperm is taken carries out the medical studies and registration procedures about the sperm. In this context, sperm taken from individuals are subjected to some tests. These tests can be listed as follows:
After the specified tests are performed, the sperm of the individuals are stored to be sent to the contracted countries. In addition, tests are applied against local diseases that develop depending on the characteristics of the person from whom the sperm was taken and the conditions of the place where it was taken. For example, in a sperm entry originating from Africa, ethnic disease tests that can be seen in the region are performed on the sperm and the results are recorded. All ethnic characteristics, detailed education and physical characteristics of the donor are recorded. The sperms taken are frozen and stored under special conditions. Turkey to passage of sperm, but it is a special place with the permission of the Ministry of Health.
Recording Information About Sperm Source
Recording the information of the sperm donor is important in terms of providing the necessary information to the couples who come with the request for sperm donation. In addition, couples or expectant mothers have the right to choose the sperm source in ethnic or physical terms.
Blood incompatibility is prevented by determining RH from the blood group of the sperm donor. The sperm of the person who will donate sperm is frozen and two tests are performed against infectious diseases and HIV status. It is necessary to wait 6 months for the second test. However, no matter how many tests are done, there will always be a margin of error. In this context, it can be said that the accuracy of the tests is approximately 85%. There is a very small risk of genetic disease or infection. In case the first sperm is taken without any problem, the sperm donor should give sperm samples once or twice a week, in total 24 times. Then, the healthiest and best quality samples taken after the end of the tests are frozen and stored.
What is the Success Rate of Sperm Donation?
The success rate of sperm donation depends on different factors. The most important of these factors are the age of the mother and the condition of the eggs. If the mother’s age is too high or too young, the application may not work. In this context, if the mother’s age is over 35, sperm donation is less likely to lead to successful birth.
In Which Situations Is Sperm Donation Done?
The situations that require sperm donation can be listed as follows:
HIV transmission status
Genetically transmitted disease state
• expectant mothers who want to be single parents
• In couples with no symptoms of sperm
In the presence of these situations, sperm donation should be applied.