Egg donation is when a woman donates one or more of her cells to an egg donation center with the help of various techniques. These eggs are then transplanted to women who are not likely to become pregnant or who are very low, and in this way they are ensured to become pregnant. This procedure was first performed at the Los Angeles School of Medicine in 1984. In our country, it is a method restricted by law.
Egg donation may be a relative of the recipient’s preference, or it may be someone he does not know at all. This is entirely optional. However, there are certain qualities sought in a woman who will donate eggs. For example, the woman who will give the egg should be between the ages of 18-35. Those who have had a previous pregnancy are the best candidates for egg donation. In addition, women who will donate eggs should undergo a detailed health screening. Just like the giver, the recipient woman should pass many health tests and should not have any discomfort that prevents her from carrying the baby.
HOW IS EGG DONATION TREATMENT APPLIED?
In the egg donation process, the treatments of both the recipient and the donor side should be carried out simultaneously. For this reason, first of all, the menstrual periods of both parties are synchronized with each other. In cases where this cannot be achieved, the menstrual bleeding of the donor side is suppressed by various hormonal treatments until the menstrual bleeding of the recipient side begins. The treatment method to be applied at first is the method used in classical IVF treatments. On the receiving side, uterine lining thickening treatment is applied with tablet treatment. This method is the same as the method used in frozen embryo treatments. There is no obligation to have the receiver and transmitter in the same environment throughout this process. The resulting eggs are fertilized using the sperm of the recipient’s partner and placed inside the recipient’s uterus.
WHAT IS EGG SHARING?
Egg sharing is one of the alternative methods used in this type of treatment. In this process, it is known that eggs obtained from a woman undergoing IVF treatment can be used for another woman. Preferably women under the age of 35 who undergo IVF treatment can donate their eggs for another woman to use.